Simon the Hasmonean (Simeon ben Mattathias)
- (fl. 2nd cent, BCE)Palestinian ruler and high priest, second son of Mattathias the Hasmonean. In 142 BCE he succeeded his brother Jonathan as head of the Jewish state. He captured Gezer, secured the evacuation of Greek troops from the Jerusalem area, and gained from Demetrius II exemption from the tribute previously paid to the Seleucides. Elected high priest (an office which then became hereditary), ethnarch and general, he renewed the treaty with Rome and defeated Antiochus VII at Jabneh. He was killed by his son-in-law Ptolemy, and was succeeded by his son John Hyrcanus.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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